The Wolf's Lair was Adolf Hitler's first Eastern Front military headquarters in World War II. The complex of 80 buildings was built at the start of Operation Barbarossa—the invasion of the Soviet Union—in 1941. This top-secret, high-security site was in the Masurian woods. Three security zones surrounded the central complex where the Führer's bunker was located. Despite the security, the most notable assassination attempt against Hitler was made at Wolf's Lair in July 1944 as a part of operation Valkyrie. Overall, Hitler spent more than 800 days here during a 3.5 year period until his final departure in November 1944.
On 25 January 1945, the complex was blown up and abandoned 48 hours prior to the arrival of Soviet forces.
Furthermore, you will visit a system of bunkers and military posts belonging to the German Supreme Command during the WWII in Memerki. It was built around 20 km northeast from the Wolf's Lair. Similar but much bigger, the area covered more than 200 structures with more than 30 reinforced buildings and bunkers.
The Wolf's Lair was developed as a tourist attraction in the early 1990s. Visitors can make day trips from Warsaw to the Wolf's Liar. The complex is located around 4 hrs drive from Warsaw, but the trip is worth the effort. Beyond the unique historical context, you will have a chance to see the lovely Polish countryside with its rural lifestyle and picturesque landscape.
Would you like to learn more about WW2?
Take our Warsaw to Auschwitz 12h tour with door-to-door transport!